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Alexander Glyuz, UA3IPL will be active again from Spitsbergen archipelago 28 April - 29 August 2015 as JW/UA3IPL.
Spitsbergen is discovered and named by Willem Barentsz in 1596 .
Official language - Norwegian.
Spitsbergen the prominence of northern Norway
In north Norway Spitsbergen holds the significance of being the only islet that has inhabitants on permanent basis in Svalbard group of islets. Not only this, Spitsbergen is also the largest islet of this region so it is noted for its uniqueness and position. Estimates show that islet is covering 39,044 kilometer square and this makes it Norway’s largest islet also internationally it stands on 36th position in list of largest islands of world. It mostly formulated western mass of island group and shares borders with Arctic Ocean, Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea.
Willem Barentsz was discoverer of this islet and he gave it the name Spitsbergen, it means pointed mountains. During 17th and 18th century islands included in group were regarded as Greenland by whalers from England. The fate of these islets was determined by a treaty that was signed in year 1920 and it was given the title of Spitsbergen treaty. When island went into governance of Norway the archipelago was given the title of Svalbard and this happened in year 1925.
Events of Historical significance
It is stated by historical sources that Barentsz discovered this islet in1596 while he was in search of North Sea route and in 1623 an acceptable map was provided and after this better and improved maps came with the passage of time. There are speculations that islet group was in knowledge of hunters from Russia, but thing is that no significant historical evidence is present for proving this point. During World War II soldiers of allied group were placed on this islet for preventing Germany from occupying islets.
Influence of higher altitude is commonly observed in climatic changes faced by Spitsbergen. Mean temperature that is noted during summers is 4 degree centigrade to 6 degree centigrade. Currents from Northern Atlantic bring moderation in temperature of this region and this happens more specifically during winter season because of this reason waters surrounding the islet stay open and navigation is also ensured. Inside firth valley and regions that have shelters from mountains face lesser variations in temperature in comparison to coasts. When winters, arrive prominent difference present between Southern and Northern regions is generally 5 degree centigrade and during summers it is 3 degree centigrade. Fog is a common finding during summer season and visibility is less than one kilometer. Frequent precipitation is also noted, but it falls inside smaller concentrations generally lesser than 400mm in west of Spitsbergen. Rainfall is noticed more in eastern side that is uninhabited.
Transportation Trends and relevant issues
Within some parts a system of roads is present, but these don’t show connection with each other. Moving off roads using different types of motor transportation is not allowed, but during winter season use of snowmobiles is very common and these are utilized not only for recreational, but also commercial reasons. During twelve months of a year transportation by ships is very common. Good point is that majority of settlements contains ports also a network of buses is present in Longyearbyen. The only airport of the islet is known as Svalbard Airport and it controls the entire air traffic associated with this islet. People living in these regions are well aware of different ways of living and normally prefer snowmobiles for moving from one part of islet to another.
Longyearbyen is a popular and most noted settlement which functions as Administrative center of Spitsbergen. The estimates which were presented in 2008 indicated towards point that a total of 2040 individuals reside in this region. Longyearbyen Community Council is responsible for different affairs like educational considerations facilities related with culture, department of fire, ports, roads etc. Also, the town provides seat for Governor. In Svalbard it’s regarded as biggest settlement that is present in lower part of valley along Longyearelva River. The administrative center has been divided into a number of localities. If we consider climatic conditions of this region, then Arctic climatic experiences are noted by natives. During summers mean temperature is four to six degree centigrade on the other side during winters mean temperature is 12 to 16 degree centigrade. The information, which was collected in 2008, reflected that total population of this region consists of 2040 individuals as we have already mentioned above. 70 % of households are believed to contain only one person.
People have a strong affiliation with their cultural values and give them good respect. A council is responsible for handling activities related with culture like cinema, library, and gallery and youth clubs. A sporting club is also present inside this town. Interesting point is that two museums are also present inside the town and they all show some really deep and prominent aspects related with Spitsbergen.
Some interesting points related with Longyearbyen
In short, Spitsbergen is an ideal location and has many attractive aspects associated with it.
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